Policy papers

04.06.2015 | Gilles Lepesant
Fostering the Catching-Up Process of Central Europe: The Need for an Innovation-Oriented Cohesion Policy
The future of the so far successful growth model of Central European economies, based on low-to-medium technology sectors, is under threat. The Central European countries have not undertaken sufficient reforms in the area of innovation, education and the labour market. The EU should commit to a stronger conditionality regarding the Cohesion Policy funds to provide a stronger incentive to beneficiary countries that need to enforce reforms and put into effect a better coordination between regional and sectoral policies of the EU. The reforms in the Member States should encompass business support structures together with education institutions to ensure that research incubators have meaningful impact on the competitiveness of their businesses.
24.02.2015 | Rudolf Fürst
Čína znovu objevuje bývalou východní Evropu: Důvod k radosti či obavám?
Čína se dosud nebývalou měrou začala zajímat o postkomunistickou část Evropy. Tento zájem je motivován ekonomicky, obavy z čínského „rozděl a panuj“ v EU jsou zatím neúměrné. Česká republika provedla největší pozitivní posun v politických vztazích s Čínou ze všech účastníků regionálního sdružení ČLR+16. Tento obrat je návratem k normálu a k evropskému mainstreamu, je kompatibilní s dlouhodobou politikou ČR. Čína dlouhodobě patří ke strategickým destinacím české exportní a investiční politiky, ČR teď musí využít příznivý souběh své bilaterální agendy s ČLR s formátem 1+16.
Transition Experience 2.0
"Transition Experience 2.0: A new way to close the gap between the Central European human rights and development policies" is the new policy paper by Ondřej Horký-Hlucháň.
08.12.2014 | Vít Beneš
Odehrává se na Ukrajině občanská válka?
Rozpad SSSR se dostal do fáze národnostního konfliktu (jugoslávský scénář). Česká republika, EU a NATO by proto neměly podceňovat riziko rozšíření etnického konfliktu i do dalších zemí s ruskou menšinou. Důležitou roli při iniciaci a eskalaci konfliktu hráli ruští nacionalisté / příslušníci ruských bezpečnostních složek (Girkin a spol.). Česká republika a EU by proto měly veřejně vyzvat Rusko k jejich vydání ke stíhání na Ukrajinu. Separatističtí velitelé nejsou reprezentanty Donbasu. Česká republika a EU by proto měla podpořit zapojení zákonných zástupců Doněcké a Luhanské oblasti do vyjednávacího procesu. Rusko se definitivně zdiskreditovalo jako údajný ochránce slovanských národů. Česká republika by proto měla rehabilitovat myšlenku slovanské vzájemnosti v její liberální podobě, očištěnou od nacionalistických a panslavistických bludů.
01.12.2014 | Nikita Odintsov
Ensuring the Stability of Central Asia after the 2014 Withdrawal from Afghanistan
The prospects of stability in Central Asia after the 2014 withdrawal will be influenced by the developments in Afghanistan. Yet the overall fragility of the states in the region necessitates taking preventive measures. The previous strategies of the terrorist groups in the region allow us to identify a few focal points of strategic importance which must be protected. To achieve this, it is necessary to use private military companies and return Russian border guards to Tajikistan. Also, the Collective Security Treaty Organization must prepare for possible massive security and refugee crises. The implementation of state social policies can be outsourced to NGOs, which shall refrain from any political activity.
12.11.2014 | Zoltán Egeresi
What’s next for Turkey? Lessons of the 2014 presidential elections
The 2014 Turkish presidential elections have demonstrated that Recep Tayyip Erdogan and the AKP were able to overcome their previous political crises during the last, one-year-long eventful period, and they were successful in continuing to mobilise their electorate. Erdogan’s victory at the presidential elections of 10 August 2014 may lead to the introduction of a presidential system and further centralization of power in Turkey. However, it can also be an overture for changes in the opposition. The EU has to keep being involved in Turkish domestic politics, especially in the democratization process, and support the emergence of a more plural Turkish political community.
10.10.2014 | Anes Makul
Can the European Public Block the Enlargement to the Western Balkans?
The EU enlargement has been questioned since the first enlargement round. Also, since the start of the global economic crisis, public support to further enlargement decreased significantly. Whether a turnaround in this trend will occur depends on whether there will be changes in several main dimensions. The EU and its member states, as well as the candidate and potential candidate states, need to improve their economic performances and provide opportunities and  perspective to their younger generations. The political and economic performance of the newest member states, Bulgaria, Romania, and Croatia, is a significant indicator that can shape the public opinion on further enlargement. The candidate and potential candidate states should be further encouraged and supported in their fulfilling of the accession criteria. The EU institutions and national governments should develop policies to explain to citizens the implications of further enlargement.
01.10.2014 | Tomáš Dopita
How Should We Deal with the Discrimination and Dysfunction in Bosnia and Herzegovina? Towards a New European Approach
Bosnia and Herzegovina's internal structure is regarded discriminatory and dysfunctional. The process of European integration is stalled. There is an urgent need to increase both the top-down and the bottomup pressure on the local politicians so that they would pursue the necessary reforms. The top-down pressure on politicians can be enhanced by a rationalisation of external institutional relations with Bosnia and Herzegovina, namely by the closure of the Office of the High Representative. The bottom-up pressure on the local political representatives can be improved through societal integration in everyday life. The current trend of the desintegration of common institutions and material structures needs to be countered. Societal integration should be nurtured by improving the means for common education, cargo and transport, private business and enterprise, agricultural production, and trade.
27.06.2014 | Máté Szalai
Turmoil in Egypt: a Proxy Cold War among the Gulf States?
The Arab states of the Persian Gulf have played a huge role in the unfolding developments of the Arab Spring, especially in Egypt. Based on many pieces of evidence, we can set up an analytical framework for investigating the transformations of Egyptian politics between 2011 and 2013, according to which the turmoil was basically a proxy cold war fought by Saudi Arabia, the United Arab Emirates and Kuwait on one hand, and Qatar on the other. Although the Gulf agreement signed in April 2014 clearly shows the inevitability of the defeat of Qatar, Doha will remain an important player in the region, while the rebound of the Muslim Brotherhood is now unimaginable without the support of the tiny country.
Jak spojit síly lidských práv, rozvojové spolupráce a transformační zkušenosti v zahraniční politice?
Cílem nového policy paperu Ondřeje Horkého-Hlucháně je navrhnout rozpočtově neutrální řešení pro větší soulad a dopady české zahraniční politiky v oblasti zahraniční rozvojové spolupráce, lidskoprávní a transformační politiky, včetně přenosu transformačních zkušeností v obou těchto oblastech. Doporučení a jejich odůvodnění jsou vstupem pro tzv. politickou inventuru, revizi úkolů české zahraniční politiky, kterou v roce 2014 započalo nové politické vedení ministerstva zahraničních věcí.


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